Since 2018, other governments have assigned committees of scientists to conduct reviews of the growing body of evidence. From these, a scientific consensus is emerging that vaping is dangerous and not especially useful as a smoking cessation method. While no single authoritative document has brought together these systematic reviews, meta-analyses and report of health authorities, it is now apparent that:

1. E-cigarettes have increased the number of young nicotine users in some countries.
2. Young people who use e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke conventional cigarettes.
3. Dual use is common and harmful.
4. When purchased as consumer products, e-cigarettes are not effective cessation aids.
5. E-cigarettes cause damage to respiratory and circulatory systems.
6. Other governments have provided more recent scientific assessments.
7. Health Canada’s messaging on e-cigarettes is out-dated.